Ledderhoses Disease also called morbus ledderhose, plantar fibromatosis and plantar aponeurosis. Ledderhoses Disease is a relatively uncommon non-malignant thickening of the feets deep connective tissue, or fascia. The nodules are typically sluggish growing and most frequently found in the central and medial portions of the plantar fascia. Ledderhose’s disease is the equivalent disease to Dupuytren’s disease, which affects the hand and causes bent hand or fingers. As with Dupuytren’s disease the root causes of Ledderhose’s disease are not yet understood, though an inclination is probably inherited.
Men usually get the disease at an former age than women. At the age of 80 the probability to suffer from Dupuytren’s disease becomes about even for men and women (we have no statistics on Ledderhose’s disease), with men typically in a more progressed stage. Plantar fibromatosis is most frequently present on the medial border of the sole, near the highest point of the arch. The lump is usually painless and the only pain experienced is when the nodule rubs on the shoe or floor. The overlying skin is freely movable, and contracture of the toes does not occur in the initial stages.
The typical appearance of plantar fibromatosis on Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a poorly defined, infiltrative mass in the aponeurosis next to the plantar muscles. Only 25% of patients illustrate symptoms on both feet (bilateral involvement). The disease may also permeate the dermis or very rarely the flexor tendon sheath. There are certain identified risk factors. The disease is more commonly associated with family history of the disease, palmer fibromatosis 10-65% of the time, peyronies disease and epilepsy patients. Patients of diabetes mellitus major risk factors the disease.
Radiotherapy has been employed successfully on Ledderhose nodules. Post-surgical radiation treatment may diminish recurrence. Cortisone injections, such as Triamcinolone, and clobetasol ointments have been shown to stall the progression of the disease temporarily. Prevention is also better then cures. Wear the proper shoes for each activity and try to avoid standing on concrete for long periods. Do not wear shoes with excessive wear on heels or soles. Dont underestimate your body’s need for rest and good nutrition. Prepare properly before exercising. Warm up and do stretching exercises before and after running.
Diabetic Foot Disease often occurs in winter with a higher risk, especially for elderly patients with Diabetes who should pay special attention to foot care. The incidence of Diabetic Foot Disease in winter is 2.8 times higher than that of other seasons. It is caused by different temperature between indoor and outdoor, leading to increase of vasoconstriction. In winter, the incidence of foot disease in the North is much higher than that in the south. If the Diabetes patients feel cold or numb in hands and feet, they should pay close attention to it because it is likely to be symptoms of Diabetic foot!
What are the causes of Diabetic Foot Disease?
First, Diabetic Chronic Peripheral Vascular Disease. Chronic Peripheral Blood Disease will cause gradual narrowing of vascular lumen, drop of blood pressure in foot and gangrene when there is trauma, infection or climate change. Peripheral vascular disease will cause a series of symptoms such as numbness, pain on lower limbs and short walking distance.
Second, Diabetic Chronic Peripheral Neuropathy. Autonomic Neuropathy often leads to sensory disturbances in food and reduced immunity so that the foot can be hurt easily with ulcers or infections; the manifestations of sensory dysfunction are loss of sensation or abnormal sensation, such as numbness in hands or feet, especially in feet, feeling like walking on cotton, or pins and needles.
Third, when vascular disease and neuropathy appear on Diabetic patients, if their shoes, socks are too tight or toenails are too long, it can cause foot skin damage and then occurrence of Diabetic Foot Disease. If it cant be handed in time or improperly, it will further develop into ulcers.
What are the latest developments in treatment of Diabetic Foot Disease? Recently, the medical community has introduced the most advanced technology of Stem Cell Transplant to treat Diabetic Foot Disease. After stem cells are transfused into the patients body, they will stimulate vascular endothelial growth factors to promote their proliferation and propagation and angiogenesis in lower limbs. As a result, it can improve the condition of ischemia and hypoxia on lower limbs and promote wound healing to avoid the danger of amputation. At the same time, stem cells can repair damaged pancreas islet and pancreatic islet cells to recover their function and then cure Diabetic Foot Disease.
A well known German neuropathologist and psychiatrist, Dr Aloysius Alzheimer was working in a mental asylum in Frankfurt am Main and he had a 51 year old patient named Auguste Deter. During the treatment she developed relentlessly progressive symptoms like rapidly failing memory, trouble expressing the thoughts and disorientation. Once she said to Dr Alzheimer that she had lost herself. This incident was the real motivating factor behind finding an answer to the question, what causes Alzheimer’s disease?
The lady died after five years of struggle and the behavioral symptoms she had shown during the treatment were not within the grasp of the existing diagnoses. After having done an autopsy Dr Alzheimer identified abnormal clumps (plaques) and irregular knots (neurofribrillary tangles) in the brain. After a few years Kraepelin, a colleague of Dr Alzheimer identified the Alzheimer’s disease and as a token of appreciation this disease was named after him. Alzheimer’s disease can be summarized as the enduring disorder in memory retention and the commonly known causes for this disease are the inability of the neurons to perform in certain parts of the brain and the resultant abnormal structural changes in the form of plaques and tangles. A great number of research studies are still going on to bring in more clarity and authenticity to answer the question, what causes Alzheimer’s disease?
Home care becomes absolutely vital for Alzheimer’s patients because they are left with the inability to communicate and acquire new information. It can be a crippling experience for a normal person to live with an Alzheimer’s patient and thats where the importance of home care services such as Seattle Home Care comes in. The possibility of having Alzheimer’s disease increases substantially after the age of 70 and great amount of attention should be given in home care to reduce fear and confusion among the patients. It is always advisable to seek the help of professional senior care service providers such as Seattle Senior Care to counter against defects like significant impairment in social or occupational functioning.
The symptoms like confusion, anger, mood swings, language breakdown and long-term memory loss require a professional handling and quality home care service providers like Seattle Elder Care will come to the rescue with top class elder care specialist. With the rapidly increasing loss of chemical messengers called neurotransmitters the Alzheimer’s patients will show increased level of memory impairment and other cognitive disturbances. In such a situation quality home care service providers will be of immense help for both the patient and the family members. Check out Seattle in home care for more information.