Comparison Between Lyme Disease And Epstein Barr

Many individuals face the danger of worsening infections and also diseases, due to false assumptions. When it comes to Epstein Barr, many mistake it for Lyme ailment due to many similar symptoms shared by the 2. The following factors will let you see the commonalities as well as distinctions of Lyme disease and Epstein Barr to assist you to understand more about the 2 illnesses:

Cause

While Lyme ailment is caused by the bacteria, Borrelia burgdoferi, Epstein Barr is caused by a virus from the herpes virus family. Lyme ailment could be transmitted via a bite of a tick, usually a deer tick that is contaminated with the bacteria. The virus triggering Epstein Barr, however, can be transported from a contaminated person to another through his or her saliva during romantic contact.

Signs and symptoms

The similarity between the two illnesses is they both reveal flu-like signs and symptoms, like fevers, chills, swollen lymph nodes, and headaches. There are, nevertheless, other symptoms for each infection which make them distinctive from each other. Other Epstein Barr symptoms include an unpleasant sore throat, enlarged tonsils, decrease of appetite, bloating, perspiration, and sometimes, severe fatigue. In unusual situations, the central nervous system might be affected, but Epstein Barr has never been dangerous. Other Lyme disease symptoms, however, include an obvious allergy, erythema migrans, visible during its early stage, and joint pains. The illness, if not diagnosed and handled early, could develop to more serious heart and also nerve problems, along with chronic arthritis.

Diagnosis

Both Lyme disease and Epstein Barr could be identified with blood testing and also clinical tests, accompanied by the patient’s symptoms. The Epstein Barr virus might be verified if there is an increased white blood cell count, and also by the percentage of atypical white cells. A positive response to a “mono spot” test also claims the existence of Epstein Barr virus. For Lyme ailment, it may be easier for the doctor to identify if the patient displays the bulls-eye allergy along with other Lyme disease symptoms and if the sufferer mentions a tick bite. Laboratory tests are then performed to confirm the bacteria leading to Lyme disease.

Treatment solution

At this time, there is no vaccine or anti-viral medications available to avoid and heal Epstein Barr virus. At the moment, steroids are used to lessen swelling of the tonsils and throat. The infection typically takes below 4 months. Alternatively, since Lyme disease is due to bacteria, a period of oral antibiotic remedy must cure the disease. For serious Lyme disease, anti-biotics given intravenously may be necessary for a better treatment.

Lyme diease and Epstein Barr are 2 distinct infections, even with several similar signs and symptoms. You will need to identify one from the other in order avoid false assumptions. To be safe, always visit your physician for a proper diagnosis and treatment.

Risk Factors for Heart Disease-Health

The risk factors for cardiovascular disease have been categorized by the american heart association (AHA) as follows:

Major risk factors that cannot be changed (increasing age, male gender, and heredity)

Major risk factors that can be changed (elevated blood cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, cigarette smoking, and physical inactivity

Other contributing factors (obesity, diabetes, and stress).

Major Risk Factors That Cannot Be Changed

Age

Approximately 55% of all heart attacks occur in people who are 65 years of age or older. This age group accounts for more than 80% of the fatal heart attacks.

Male Gender

Until recently, the incidence of coronary heart disease among women has been largely unexplored. Men have been the primary subjects in the coronary heart disease and risk factor studies because of the high incidence of both among men. However, coronary heart disease is also the leading cause of death and disability among women, accounting for almost 250,000 deaths annually. Women have less heart disease than men, particularly before menopause. The reasons for the difference include the following:

The female hormone estrogen protects the coronary arteries from atherosclerosis

Women have higher circulating levels of high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, which also protects the arteries.

After menopause, though, the heart attack rate among women increases significantly until the mid-60s, when women’s risk is equal to that of men the same age. An alarming trend in recent years is the increased incidence of heart attacks in premenopausal women who have been smoking cigarettes long enough for it to affect their health, especially when combined with oral contraceptive use.

Heredity

According to the AHA, “A tendency toward heart disease or atherosclerosis appears to be hereditary, so children of parents with cardiovascular disease are more likely to develop it themselves.” A history of first degree male relatives (father, grandfather, and brothers) who died of coronary heart disease before the age of 55 or first degree female relatives (mother, grandmother, and sisters) who died of coronary heart disease before the age of 65 indicates a strong familial tendency. If the family history is positive, the modifiable risk factors must be controlled.

Major Risk Factors That Can Be Changed

Cholesterol

Cholesterol is a steroid that is an essential structural component of neural tissue; it is used in the construction of cell walls and for the manufacture of hormones and bile (for the digestion and absorption of fats). A certain amount of cholesterol is required for good health, but high levels in the blood are associated with heart attacks and strokes.

The AHA suggests that Americans reduce cholesterol consumption to less than 300 milligrams per day (300 mg/day), that fat intake be reduced to a maximum of 30% of the total calories consumed, and that saturated fat be reduced to no more than 10% of the total calories. Many authorities are convinced that limiting total fat and saturated fat is more important than being overly restrictive of cholesterol.