Memory Screenings Are An Essential Tool For Diagnosing Alzheimer’s Disease

So you think your loved one might have Alzheimer’s disease. Did you know that simple and safe memory-screening tests are available to help your doctor assess your loved one’s memory and other mental functions?

“Memory screening tests are great tools that give doctors a benchmark for evaluating a person’s memory,” explained Jay Ellis, D.O., director of neuroscience research of the Berkshires, Pittsfield, Mass. “It’s so important for people with Alzheimer’s disease to get a proper diagnosis from their doctor so they can begin treatment, which can help slow the progression of symptoms.”

The Ins and Outs of

Memory Screenings

Memory screenings typically consist of a series of questions and tasks designed to test memory, language skills and thinking ability. Two common examples are the clock-drawing test and three-word recall test.

The clock-drawing test requires patients to draw a clock and set the hands at a specific time. Although there are a number of scoring systems for this test, the Alzheimer’s disease cooperative scoring system is based on a score of five points: one point for the clock circle, one point for the numbers being in the correct order, one point for the numbers being in the proper spatial order, one point for the two hands of the clock and one point for the correct time. A normal score is four or five points. However, a score of three points or below could signal possible Al-zheimer’s disease.

Another test, the three-word recall, is a simple examination where patients are given the names of three unrelated objects to remember-table, ball and pen, for example. The patient is then asked to repeat the three words, scoring one point for each object correctly recalled. This test is administered alone or in combination with the clock-drawing test. Later in the doctor’s visit, patients are asked to recall the original three words given in the beginning of the memory screening.

The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)-an 11-question measure that evaluates five areas of cognitive function: orientation, memory, attention/calculation, language and visuospatial ability-is another, more-complex test used to screen for Alzheimer’s disease.

Alzheimer’s Disease and

the Benefits of Combination Therapy

Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive, degenerative disorder that attacks the brain’s nerve cells, resulting in loss of memory, thinking and language skills, as well as behavioral changes. An estimated one in eight persons over age 65 and nearly half of those 85 or older have Alzheimer’s disease.

Although there is no cure for Alzheimer’s disease, FDA-approved treatments have been shown to slow the progression of symptoms and improve quality of life. A 2004 study in the Journal of the American Medical Association found that combining two classes of treatments, an NMDA receptor antagonist and a cholinesterase inhibitor, provided greater cognitive, functional and behavioral benefits to people with moderate to severe Al-zheimer’s disease than treatment with cholinesterase inhibitors alone. This approach to treatment is known as combination therapy.

Aluminum And Alzheimer’s Disease

Large amounts of aluminum are usually found in the brain of a patient with Alzheimer’s. This has led others to think that the disease is caused by using aluminum cooking pots and pans or ingesting oral antacids or antiperspirants containing aluminum.

It’s a nice thought but one with no scientific basis. Professor Luigi Amaducci of the Department of Neurologic & Psychiatric Sciences at the University Of Florence said other patients with Alzheimer’s don’t have aluminum plaques in the brain which rules out this metal as the cause of the disease.

“There has been some concern in recent years that dietary aluminum may lead to Alzheimer’s disease or senile dementia in older people. This concern arises from the fact that greater levels of aluminum are found in brain tissue of people dying from Alzheimer’s disease than in brain tissue from people dying from other causes, according to Dr. Myron Winick, director of the Institute of Human Nutrition, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons in The Columbia Encyclopedia of Nutrition.

It is now generally agreed that the aluminum deposits in the brain are probably not a cause of the disease, but rather a consequence of it. It is known that cells die in specific regions of the brain in Alzheimer’s patients, and the aluminum probably gets deposited on the debris left after a cell dies. Aluminum is relatively abundant in the earth’s crust and is widely distributed throughout the world, Winick said.

The levels of aluminum in ground water and drinking water are extremely high in some regions of the world, yet there is no greater incidence of Alzheimer’s disease among the residents of those areas,” Winick added.

The end result of Alzheimer’s disease is death. With time, mental deterioration progresses to the point that the patient is bed-ridden and unable to care for himself. Many die of malnutrition or infection. This can happen a year after getting the disease.

“The course of the disease, which eventually can result in deterioration of the rest of the nervous system and other parts of the body and in loss of control over bladder and bowels, may range from one to 20 years. It may cut life expectancy by contributing to death from another cause, such as pneumonia or heart or kidney failure,” said the editors of Consumer Guide’s Family Health & Medical Guide.

“This devastating disorder contributes an enormous emotional and physical burden on other family members, and when admission to a nursing home or some other such facility becomes necessary, as it often does, sadness in the family is often compounded by guilt,” revealed Dr. Isadore Rosenfeld of the New York Hospital – Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in The Best Treatment.

What are the other types of dementia? For the answer to that question, read the fifth part of this series. To enhance your memory and support healthy brain function, take Neurovar.

Oak Hill Dentist – What to Do about Periodontal Disease

The Oak Hill community is located to the east of Washington Dulles International Airport, and is popular with commuters into Washington, DC. As part of Fairfax County, Virginia, it is located in close proximity to a number of excellent healthcare organizations. With so many choices, you can be assured that your Oak Hill dentist will be of a high quality. This can be helpful when the time comes to treat and prevent periodontal disease, a common affliction for older adults. Yet proper dental care begins in childhood. No matter what your age is, if you live in Oak Hill, you will need to find a local dentist to help you treat and prevent periodontal disease.

To get started, it’s helpful to learn a little bit more about what periodontal disease is and how it happens. It is an infection that can range in severity from mild to serious, which can attack healthy gums, teeth, and underlying bone structures. The disease usually begins with a buildup of plaque on the surface of teeth, which can become tartar over time. Plaque is a film composed of food debris and saliva. With regular cleanings courtesy of your Oak Hill dentist, you can remove plaque and scrape off tartar. At-home care is also extremely important, as regular brushing and flossing can also keep teeth clean.

There are a few signs that indicate you may want to see an Oak Hill dentist about periodontal disease. If you have red, swollen, or bleeding gums, this is one sign that there may be something wrong. The first stage of the disease is known as gingivitis, and is quite common. You can reverse the effects of gingivitis with good oral hygiene, such as brushing, flossing, and a diet that is low in sugar. If left untreated, however, the disease can progress to periodontitis. This is more serious, and can lead to plaque spreading below the gum line and causing further damage to the tissues surrounding the teeth.

If you have any of the symptoms of gum disease, it’s best to see your Oak Hill dentist immediately for cleaning and advice. It’s estimated that four out of five patients don’t know that they have gum disease, which is why regular dentist visits are so important. If you have red, swollen gums, bleeding when you brush your teeth, gaps in between your teeth and gums, and bad breath, these are a few telltale signs that it might be time to see a local dentist.

Disability Tax Credit For De Vivo Disease

In people with De Vivo disease their brains do not receive the right amount of the molecule called GLUT1 or Glucose transporter type 1. The GLUT1 ensures that the human brain gets the right and enough amount of glucose needed for its function. The lack of this molecule leads to insufficient amount of glucose in the blood, which in turn will not be able to transport the adequate amount of glucose to the brain. This will then lead to a blood brain barrier resulting in mental retardation and neurological problems.

Cause of De Vivo disease
The cause of this disease is the onset of blood barrier in the body. The glucose in the blood is being barricaded from getting into the brain and if the brain is not able to receive the glucose, there will be no glucose molecules to be transported in the body. This will then result in De Vivo disease.

Some of the symptoms of De Vivo disease are
Delayed development
Small head
Seizures
Low glucose level particularly in cerebrospinal fluid
Ataxia

Complications of the disease
The most common complication is post spinal headache, which often leads to nausea. It is also characterized by delayed development or intellectual disability wherein the person has slow developments. Speech difficulties are to be expected as well. The disease is very rare and only 1 out of 10 people acquire the disease. That is why there are not too many resources about the disease and it is not widely talked about.

Disability tax benefit
De Vivo disease is really hard and a person who suffers from this needs to undergo therapy and ketogenic diet which can help with the seizures and ease the other symptoms as well. It is very obvious that a person who has this disease will not be able to study or work. However, there is a solution to that problem. You will be able to get a disability tax credit with the help of Canadian Disability Corporation (CDC). To benefit from the disability tax credit all you have to do is pass some requirements and your application will be evaluated by the professionals. The CDC is known for their fast compliance to those who wish to apply for the tax credits in order to get the benefits that will really help them a lot financially.

Fighting Gum Disease

Periodontitis refers to inflammation or swollen gums around the teeth. It actually begins in the alveolar region of the mouth and comprises tooth sockets connecting teeth to bone. More technically, these bones in the jaw are the mandible and maxilla. Periodontitis eventually eats away at the alveolar bone structure and, therefore, leads to tooth loss. Periodontal disease is essentially a bacterial infection that attacks the oral structure of the mouth. Effectively dealing with this aggressive type of bacteria is key to returning the gums and oral system back to normal. The first indication of a periodontal infection begins with plaque in and around the base of teeth and gums. Anyone who has their teeth cleaned on a regular basis is often chastised by the dental hygienist if there is more plaque than what normal. No matter how many times you’ve had your teeth cleaned, it’s almost impossible to get used to the slow, scratching sound that dental instruments make during the tooth cleaning process. The degree of plaque intrusion within the mouth is usually measured thought the taking of dental ex-rays, which is also an uncomfortable 30-40 seconds.

The most common gum infection is the dreaded gingivitis. These days almost, all oral or dental, products assert their ability to defeat, eliminate or control gingivitis. So prominent is the word gingivitis, that it’s become synonymous with other nefarious afflictions of the body such as heartburn or migraine headaches. However, if gingivitis is not properly controlled, it can lead to more advanced forms of gum disease such as chronic or aggressive periodontitis. These forms of gum disease result in the rapid deterioration of the gums and root system. It should also be noted that some of the advanced forms of periodontitis are responsible for increasing the risk of heart disease, diabetes, and even some kind of cancers.

So what are measures that individuals can take to reduce their risk of gum disease? The obvious, certainly include: brushing and flossing on a regular basis; using a mild mouthwash such as Listerine which has anti-gingivitis properties; and, last, regular visits to the dentist for thorough teeth cleaning and bi-annual x-rays. However, if your are one of those, that no matter what measures you take, still have problems ridding your teeth and gums of plaque and gingivitis, there are a few natural remedies that have shown promise. The right kind of diet combined with proven natural ingredients in a topical application, such as the gum doctor, will treat gingivitis, bleeding gums, receding gums, and even control offensive breath. The medical research speaks for itself by proving that advanced gum disease just doesn’t affect our oral health, it effects our overall health; therefore, we owe it to our teeth, gums, and bodies to do everything possible to ensure that we work to eliminate negative oral conditions.

Understanding Sexually Transmitted Disease The Clap

Sexually transmitted diseases or STD are one of the most severe clinical challenges faced by mankind. These diseases spread from person to person by means of sexual transactions. Common awareness is one of the best tools to fight these diseases. Although many people are generally becoming aware of these by help of government effort and NGOs, many still feel shame and are deserted when they are diagnosed with sexually transmitted diseases.

One of the common names among the sexually transmitted diseases is the Gonorrhea. This disease is also known as the clap. The word clap finds its origin in the French word clapier meaning a brothel, as these diseases are most commonly spread by prostitutes and persons of other similar occupations. Others opine that it comes from the old French word clapoir meaning sexual sore.

Gonorrhea, one of the leaders of sexually transmitted diseases, is a bacterial infection that infects around 700,000 people in the US a year. This disease never spread by sharing toilets and bathrooms; but from vaginal, oral and anal sexual connections with infected people and also by birth (opthalmia neonatorum). Although the clap is seldom reported to spread despite safe sex, a male has 20% chance of catching it through an unsafe sex episode while a female has a risk factor of 60-80%.

Some of the cases of the clap are asymptomatic, whereas others can present in various ways. A man infected with gonorrhea can show symptoms such as yellowish discharge from the penis as well as painful urination in two to thirty days after the infection. Often it exhibits symptoms such as fever. On the other hand, gonorrhea infected women can produce symptoms such as discharge from the vagina, difficulty in urination, off-cycle menstrual bleeding, vomiting, fever and sometimes even bleeding after sexual intercourse.

Sexually transmitted disease the clap is often a severely feared disease whereas there is no reason to do so. It is a treatable actually curable disease. In the United States, this disease is treated with powerful antibiotics recommended by the CDC (Center for Disease Control). In the United Kingdom most of the cases of gonorrhea are treated in dedicated sexual health clinics across the country. Only sometime this disease may be hard to fight as it comes in a drug resistant strain. To make the treatment more effective, PDPT (patient delivered partner therapy) is being followed all around the world where the sexual partner of the patient is also tested and treated, if diagnosed.

Although gonorrhea cannot be a hard disease to fight; if left untreated, it may lead to unexpected complications; some of them may be as severe as joint problems, sterility and even damage to heart valves.

Disease-Carrying Insect Threatens Florida Citrus

This winter, the Florida citrus industry is in real danger thanks to a disease-carrying insect called the Asian citrus psyllid. This tiny insect is spreading a disease called -greening,’ which continues to spread across Florida and threaten the state’s vital citrus industry, which generates approximately $9 billion dollars.

The disease, affecting lemons, limes, grapefruit, kumquat, and tangerine trees, is characterized by discoloration of the trees and fruit, with rotten seeds on the inside, makes the fruit completely inedible. The trees that produce the fruit typically succumb to the disease and die after a few years.

Florida isn’t the only state that is at risk for citrus greening. According to the United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, the disease has put citrus growers in Georgia, South Carolina, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Arizona, and California at risk.

The organization says that citrus growers outside the U.S. are also at risk, with tropical climates like Puerto Rico, Hawaii, American Samoa, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands showing vulnerability. The disease has been around since the 1800s, first occurring in Asia, as the Asian citrus psyllid’s name would suggest.

Citrus greening is one of the most serious citrus plant diseases in the world. Parts of Asia, Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, and Brazil have already seen devastation over hundreds of years. Now the U.S. is at risk, with the last five years being extremely difficult in the industry.

When you have citrus greening, you’ll notice lopsided or misshapen fruit, with the blossom remaining green while the rest of the fruit turns yellow. You’ll notice blotchy mottling on the leaves and asymmetric chlorosis patterns, and leaves that are almost totally yellowed. Your tree will show symptoms of zinc deficiency, but that is a side effect of the disease. Citrus greening won’t put you or your pets at risk, but your fruit trees won’t be edible and will likely die. Right now the focus is on prevention, which means keeping the disease in the Southeastern, Southern, and Southwestern United States. By not moving fruits across state lines, you can help keep these diseases at bay.

Not that this is much reassurance for folks living in Florida and other at-risk states. Thankfully, scientists and pest control experts are finding methods to keep these problems at bay, including special insecticide sprays for both in-season, when fruit is expected to mature and feed the masses, and during the dormant season.

There are insecticides and pesticides that are made for organic nurseries too, so these citrus plants can be protected as well, but it’s important to consult with a pest control expert who can advise you on the most appropriate preventative treatment plan.

Looking for Pest Control in Tampa? Suncoast Pest Control offers a number of pest control programs, including Tampa Bay Exterminator services and St. Petersburg Roach Control.